Gravity Water Filter/Purifer Comparison Chart

"The Proof Is In The Pudding" Don't take our word for it. Here are the independent Testing Results.
It is just simply amazing. Read the testing results for L.A., CA county in the heavy metal results there are improvements up to 95%. Go to the chemical testing and the improvements are up to 97%. The Berkey gravity water filtration/purification system is the cadillac of water filtration/purification systems!!!! Just thought you should know



INDEPENDENT LAB TESTING RESULTS


ANALYTICAL SERVICES, INC. (ASI)

Microbiological Testing, Research and Consulting


130 Allen Brook Ln., PO Box 515, Williston, VT 05495 USA
1.800.723.4432 / 802.878.5138 Fax: 802.878.6765
www.analyticalservices.com

Subject: Microbiological Challenge Study; ASI Report 36463RAbr


Project Description

The objective of this testing was to establish preliminary data regarding the efficacy of viral removal / inactivation from clean water, in preparation for a full challenge study using NSF P248 Emergency Military Operations Microbiological Water Purifiers (Dec. 2008). Berkey Water provided one Travel Berkey drinking water treatment unit and four (4) Black Berkey filter cartridges for testing. It is understood the unit contains a complex, proprietary filter matrix that treats water from the 1.5 gallon (5.7L) reservoir, and that no true integrity test procedure is currently available to verify the condition of the filter media and proper installation.

The Travel Berkey unit was operated as per manufacturer's instructions. This initial testing was performed using viral (MS2 and fr coliphages) and bacterial (Raoultella terrigena) challenge organisms as per P248 to demonstrate 4 log and 6 log reduction, respectively. (Cryptosporidium, also specified in P248, was not be used in these initial trials as per Berkey Water's instructions). Organisms were propagated as per ASI's standard procedures and stock samples collected prior to use as positive control samples.

The challenge water for the initial trial was municipal supply water (dechlorinated by carbon filtration, filtered to 1 μm nominal and disinfected by UV light, which approximates General Test water).

Prior to testing, each filter element was conditioned with approximately 10 gallons (38 L) of unseeded water. During conditioning, one negative control sample was collected from the unit effluent, and was analyzed for all three test organisms. After conditioning, the reservoir was partially filled with four liters (4 L) and seeded to achieve a pretreatment concentration of approximately 10e6 PFU/mL (coliphage) and 10e7 CFU/mL (bacteria). One influent sample was collected immediately from the unit reservoir. The results form the analysis of this sample established the pretreatment concentrations and were used to calculation log reductions of each organism type.

After approximately 50% of the seeded reservoir volume had been processed, effluent samples were collected. Data from these analyses were used to determine the log reduction achieved. The above testing was performed with a single filter element in place; MS2 and Raoultella were tested first, then the unit was emptied, rinsed, disinfected and a second conditioned filter installed for testing with fr coliphage.

At the end of the MS2 and Raoultella trials, an effluent sample was collected a spiked to serve as a control sample to determine whether anti-microbial agents leach into the effluent water. This is critical in terms of claims of treatment within a specific timeframe. This sample was spiked with a known concentration of MS2 (10e3 PFU/mL) and Raoultella (10e3 CFU/mL). Two samples were collected from this seeded control; one sample was analyzed immediately and the other sample was analyzed after approximately three hours contact time. If no anti-microbial agents are present in the treated water, the results for each organism type at different time points are expected to be similar; if analysis of the second sample indicates a substantially lower concentration, it suggests anti-microbial compounds are present in the effluent water. In this case, the compound(s) would need to be identified and neutralized upon sample collection to generate valid microbiological reduction data as the water leaves the unit.

All samples were analyzed quantitatively as per ASI's standard procedures. Log reductions for each organism type, were calculated as follows:

Log Reduction = Log10( Influent concentration / Effluent concentration )

Results

The results of the testing described above are presented in Tables 1-4, below.

Table 1. Summary of log reductions of MS2, fr and R. terrigena in General Test Water achieved by the Black Berkey filters compared to 248 requirements.
Sample IDLog ReductionP248 Requirement

(Minimum)
MS26.244.00
fr coliphage>5.214.00
R. terrigena>6.366.00

Table 2. Concentrations of stock microorganisms (MS2, fr and R. terrigena).
Sample IDAvg. PFU/mL or
CFU/mL
LOG

MS2 Stock6.40E+099.81
fr Stock8.23E+077.92
R. terrigena Stock3.67E+088.56
R. terrigena Stock (Day 2)9.00E+088.95

Table 3. Results of MS2, fr and R. terrigena in General Test Water, filtered with one Black Berkey element.
Sample IDAvg. PFU/mLLOGLog Reduction

MS2 Influent5.27E+066.72N/A
MS2 Effluent3.00E+000.486.24
fr Influent1.64E+055.21
fr Effluent<1<0.00>5.21
R. terrigena Influent4.57E+066.66
R. terrigena Effluent<2<0.3>6.36

Table 4. Summary of leaching test results; MS2 and R. terrigena spiked into product effluent.
Sample IDAvg. PFU/mLLOGLog Reduction

MS2, T06.60E+033.82
MS2, T+3 hrs1.22E+044.09-0.27
R. terrigena, T03.73E+011.57
R. terrigena, T+3 hrs2.07E+011.320.26

Discussion

Flow rate was indicated to be 2.75 gallons per hour (10.4 LPH) with two filter elements installed. The flow rate observed by ASI was approximately 2 LPH. The initial priming was performed as described in the instructions, using the "sport bottle" approach. Although "sweating" was observed over the entire surface of the filters, this did not appear to be completely effective at forcing the air out of the pores of the filter and allowing the expected flow rate. The two filters initially received were re-primed using "priming button" and ASI pressurized reagent water system. This was more effective at priming the filters. The fastest flow rate measured was 200 mL/min or 3.17 GPH.

All controls samples, including stock samples, analytical positive and negative controls, and the negative control collected prior to seeding yielded appropriate results and were accepted.

The results of the leaching control samples (effluent sample spiked with MS2 and R. terrigena and analyzed at two time points) were quite similar, suggesting that no active antimicrobial agent is leaching into the treated water. Please note that the Raoultella concentration was lower than expected due to a low stock concentration, but did not affect the leaching test.

Under the test conditions described, the Black Berkey filters exceeded the minimum log reduction requirements specified in NSF P248 for all three types of microorganisms (Table 1). It was noted that MS2 and R. terrigena were detected in the treated water samples at very low concentrations.

Overall, the unit is well designed and simple to operate, and yielded results that exceeded the target log reduction criteria (4 log viruses, 6 log bacteria) under the clean water test conditions described above. Further testing to determine the performance of the Black Berkey filters under "challenge water" conditions (elevated turbidity, organic carbon, etc.) is recommended as the next step.COUNTY OF LOS ANGLES, CA TESTING RESULTS-This is amazing!


LOS ANGELES LAB RESULTS (Organic)

Organic Los Angeles Test Results page 1

Organic Los Angeles Test Results page 2

Organic Los Angeles Test Results page 3

Organic Los Angeles Test Results page 4


Los Angeles Lab Results (Inorganic)

Los Angeles Test Results page 1

Los Angeles Test Results page 2

2014 Lab Test Results from Envirotek Laboratories Inc., New Jersey

In the latest round of tests commissioned by NMCL the Black Berkey filters have been found to remove Chloramines, Pharmaceuticals, BPA, as well as an expanded list of pesticides and heavy metals. The 2014 lab test results in PDF format can be found here. For the highlights of the 2014 round of testing please see below.

Black Berkey Testing Highlights:

  1. Bisphenol-A - Removed to greater than 99.9%.A common endocrine disruptor found in PET plastic bottles, for all those who pour bottled water into their Berkey.
  2. Chloramines - Removed to greater than 99.9%.In response to increasing uncertainty among existing and potential Berkey customers as to whether the Black Berkey filters are removing chloramine. Many water authorities have been switching to chloramine instead of chlorine for water disinfection.
  3. Pharmaceuticals - Removed to greater than 99.5%.Due to rising concerns about the presence of pharmaceuticals in our water supply, the Black Berkey filters have been tested for the removal of 17 different pharmaceuticals. There were no additional types of pharmaceuticals available for testing at this lab, however we can safely presume that these results would be similar to others not tested for.
  4. Petroleum Contaminants - Removed to greater than 99.9%.Unfortunately it’s increasingly common that oil spills and petroleum are contaminating our water sources, this has been of increasing concern to our customers for some time, especially since the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. The Black Berkey filters remove these contaminants.
  5. Pesticides - Removed to greater than 99.9%These tests were performed as confirmation of earlier testing, however more pesticides were included in this round of testing
  6. Heavy Metals - Removed to greater than 99.1%.These tests were performed as confirmation of earlier testing, however more heavy metals were included in this round of testing.
  7. Coliform and e-Coli - Removed to greater than 99.9%.These had already been tested for before and shown to be removed to over 99.9999%. This could be considered as confirmation testing.

A couple of additional remarks:

It was decided by NMCL and the lab to set the limit at 99.9% or Log 3 reduction before testing began. Each Log level or percentage reduction costs significantly more for testing and is typically not needed. It comes down to a function of cost versus what levels they believe are acceptable to customers & dealers. Log 3 (99.9%) reduction is significant and the testing costs remain within acceptable limits; that is why this level was settled upon.

You may notice in the test results that almost all of the contaminates measured after running through the Black Berkey filter, show "less than" as the measured contaminate level left in the water. This actually means that the actual reduction levels are "greater than" 99.9% - exceeding the target reduction level tested for.